Mac OS Big Sur + M1アップルシリコン + python3.9.1でpillowがインストールできないを解決した方法

まじ2日かかりました。6時間✕2日。

当方、プログラマーでもなく、独学でpythonを学んでいる素人です。

pillowは下の公式を翻訳して解決しました。

macOSの部分です。

Installation — Pillow (PIL Fork) 8.2.0.dev0 documentation

🔽翻訳済み

macOS上に構築

Pillowの一部をコンパイルするには、Xcodeコマンドラインツールが必要です。ツールは 、コマンドラインから実行してインストールされます。完全なXcodeパッケージがインストールされている場合でも、コマンドラインツールが必要です。ツールを使用する前に、ライセンスを受け入れるために実行する必要がある場合があり ます。xcode-select –installsudo xcodebuild -license

外部ライブラリをインストールする最も簡単な方法は、Homebrewを使用することです。Homebrewをインストールした後、以下を実行します。

brew install libtiff libjpeg webp little-cms2

macOSにlibraqmをインストールするには、Homebrewを使用してその依存関係をインストールします。

brew install freetype harfbuzz fribidi
次に、depends/install_raqm_cmake.sh libraqmのインストールを参照してください。

次に、Pillowを次のコマンドでインストールします。

python3 -m pip install –upgrade pip
python3 -m pip install –upgrade Pillow

🔽まず、これ
brew install libtiff libjpeg webp little-cms2

🔽次にこれ

brew install freetype harfbuzz fribidi

🔽次にこれ
python3 -m pip install --upgrade pip
python3 -m pip install --upgrade Pillow

一応、🔽のシェルをやってみたけど、よくわからないのでスルー。

depends/install_raqm_cmake.sh



エラーの内容

🔽を実行

python3 -m pip install –upgrade pip

🔽結果

Requirement already satisfied: pip in ./.pyenv/versions/3.9.1/lib/python3.9/site-packages (21.0.1)
******@********MacBook-Pro ~ % python3 -m pip install --upgrade Pillow
Collecting Pillow
Using cached Pillow-8.1.0.tar.gz (44.9 MB)
Using legacy 'setup.py install' for Pillow, since package 'wheel' is not installed.
Installing collected packages: Pillow
Running setup.py install for Pillow ... error
ERROR: Command errored out with exit status 1:
command: /Users/******/.pyenv/versions/3.9.1/bin/python3 -u -c 'import sys, setuptools, tokenize; sys.argv[0] = '"'"'/private/var/folders/js/y_bwb8k113jgv_sbn6kz3wd00000gn/T/pip-install-c57skcr2/pillow_df7c8b663d0342f180f8f196675a4b27/setup.py'"'"'; __file__='"'"'/private/var/folders/js/y_bwb8k113jgv_sbn6kz3wd00000gn/T/pip-install-c57skcr2/pillow_df7c8b663d0342f180f8f196675a4b27/setup.py'"'"';f=getattr(tokenize, '"'"'open'"'"', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('"'"'\r\n'"'"', '"'"'\n'"'"');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, '"'"'exec'"'"'))' install --record /private/var/folders/js/y_bwb8k113jgv_sbn6kz3wd00000gn/T/pip-record-m61zvut9/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile --install-headers /Users/******/.pyenv/versions/3.9.1/include/python3.9/Pillow
cwd: /private/var/folders/js/y_bwb8k113jgv_sbn6kz3wd00000gn/T/pip-install-c57skcr2/pillow_df7c8b663d0342f180f8f196675a4b27/
Complete output (174 lines):
running install
running build
running build_py
creating build
creating build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9
creating build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/MpoImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageMode.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/PngImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/XbmImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/PcxImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/SunImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageFile.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/SpiderImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/TarIO.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/FitsStubImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/MpegImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/BdfFontFile.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/GribStubImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageStat.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/PixarImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/GimpPaletteFile.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageColor.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ContainerIO.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/MspImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/MicImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/_version.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImtImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/GifImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/PalmImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageQt.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageMath.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/PaletteFile.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/FontFile.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/PdfParser.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ExifTags.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageCms.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/FpxImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageChops.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/BufrStubImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/PSDraw.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/PcdImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageFilter.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageDraw2.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImagePath.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/DcxImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/__init__.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/JpegPresets.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/Hdf5StubImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/features.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageDraw.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/GimpGradientFile.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageWin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/IcoImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/_tkinter_finder.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/EpsImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/TgaImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageMorph.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/Jpeg2KImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/WalImageFile.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/PcfFontFile.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/BlpImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageTk.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/GbrImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageOps.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/PdfImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageShow.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageEnhance.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/WmfImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageGrab.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/WebPImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/FliImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/TiffTags.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/CurImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/_util.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/GdImageFile.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/TiffImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/IptcImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImagePalette.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/BmpImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageTransform.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/IcnsImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/McIdasImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/XpmImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/DdsImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageSequence.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/PyAccess.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/_binary.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/Image.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/__main__.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/XVThumbImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/SgiImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/PsdImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/JpegImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/ImageFont.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/PpmImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
copying src/PIL/FtexImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-11.2-arm64-3.9/PIL
running egg_info
writing src/Pillow.egg-info/PKG-INFO
writing dependency_links to src/Pillow.egg-info/dependency_links.txt
writing top-level names to src/Pillow.egg-info/top_level.txt
reading manifest file 'src/Pillow.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
reading manifest template 'MANIFEST.in'
warning: no files found matching '*.c'
warning: no files found matching '*.h'
warning: no files found matching '*.sh'
warning: no previously-included files found matching '.appveyor.yml'
warning: no previously-included files found matching '.coveragerc'
warning: no previously-included files found matching '.editorconfig'
warning: no previously-included files found matching '.readthedocs.yml'
warning: no previously-included files found matching 'codecov.yml'
warning: no previously-included files matching '.git*' found anywhere in distribution
warning: no previously-included files matching '*.pyc' found anywhere in distribution
warning: no previously-included files matching '*.so' found anywhere in distribution
no previously-included directories found matching '.ci'
writing manifest file 'src/Pillow.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
running build_ext

The headers or library files could not be found for jpeg,
a required dependency when compiling Pillow from source.

Please see the install instructions at:
https://pillow.readthedocs.io/en/latest/installation.html

Traceback (most recent call last):
File "/private/var/folders/js/y_bwb8k113jgv_sbn6kz3wd00000gn/T/pip-install-c57skcr2/pillow_df7c8b663d0342f180f8f196675a4b27/setup.py", line 865, in
setup(
File "/Users/*****/.pyenv/versions/3.9.1/lib/python3.9/site-packages/setuptools/__init__.py", line 165, in setup
return distutils.core.setup(**attrs)
File "/Users/****/.pyenv/versions/3.9.1/lib/python3.9/distutils/core.py", line 148, in setup
dist.run_commands()
File "/Users/****/.pyenv/versions/3.9.1/lib/python3.9/distutils/dist.py", line 966, in run_commands
self.run_command(cmd)
File "/Users/****/.pyenv/versions/3.9.1/lib/python3.9/distutils/dist.py", line 985, in run_command
cmd_obj.run()
File "/Users/****/.pyenv/versions/3.9.1/lib/python3.9/site-packages/setuptools/command/install.py", line 61, in run
return orig.install.run(self)
File "/Users/****/.pyenv/versions/3.9.1/lib/python3.9/distutils/command/install.py", line 546, in run
self.run_command('build')
File "/Users/****/.pyenv/versions/3.9.1/lib/python3.9/distutils/cmd.py", line 313, in run_command
self.distribution.run_command(command)
File "/Users/****/.pyenv/versions/3.9.1/lib/python3.9/distutils/dist.py", line 985, in run_command
cmd_obj.run()
File "/Users/****/.pyenv/versions/3.9.1/lib/python3.9/distutils/command/build.py", line 135, in run
self.run_command(cmd_name)
File "/Users/****/.pyenv/versions/3.9.1/lib/python3.9/distutils/cmd.py", line 313, in run_command
self.distribution.run_command(command)
File "/Users/****/.pyenv/versions/3.9.1/lib/python3.9/distutils/dist.py", line 985, in run_command
cmd_obj.run()
File "/Users/****/.pyenv/versions/3.9.1/lib/python3.9/site-packages/setuptools/command/build_ext.py", line 87, in run
_build_ext.run(self)
File "/Users/****/.pyenv/versions/3.9.1/lib/python3.9/distutils/command/build_ext.py", line 340, in run
self.build_extensions()
File "/private/var/folders/js/y_bwb8k113jgv_sbn6kz3wd00000gn/T/pip-install-c57skcr2/pillow_df7c8b663d0342f180f8f196675a4b27/setup.py", line 702, in build_extensions
raise RequiredDependencyException(f)
__main__.RequiredDependencyException: jpeg

During handling of the above exception, another exception occurred:

Traceback (most recent call last):
File "", line 1, in
File "/private/var/folders/js/y_bwb8k113jgv_sbn6kz3wd00000gn/T/pip-install-c57skcr2/pillow_df7c8b663d0342f180f8f196675a4b27/setup.py", line 922, in
raise RequiredDependencyException(msg)
__main__.RequiredDependencyException:

The headers or library files could not be found for jpeg,
a required dependency when compiling Pillow from source.

Please see the install instructions at:
https://pillow.readthedocs.io/en/latest/installation.html


ERROR: Command errored out with exit status 1: /Users/****/.pyenv/versions/3.9.1/bin/python3 -u -c 'import sys, setuptools, tokenize; sys.argv[0] = '"'"'/private/var/folders/js/y_bwb8k113jgv_sbn6kz3wd00000gn/T/pip-install-c57skcr2/pillow_df7c8b663d0342f180f8f196675a4b27/setup.py'"'"'; __file__='"'"'/private/var/folders/js/y_bwb8k113jgv_sbn6kz3wd00000gn/T/pip-install-c57skcr2/pillow_df7c8b663d0342f180f8f196675a4b27/setup.py'"'"';f=getattr(tokenize, '"'"'open'"'"', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('"'"'\r\n'"'"', '"'"'\n'"'"');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, '"'"'exec'"'"'))' install --record /private/var/folders/js/y_bwb8k113jgv_sbn6kz3wd00000gn/T/pip-record-m61zvut9/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile --install-headers /Users/***/.pyenv/versions/3.9.1/include/python3.9/Pillow Check the logs for full command output.

※名前の部分は消しています。

とにかく解決したぽ。

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